The Gambia is in West Africa. Gambia is the smallest country on mainland Africa, surrounded by Senegal except for a short coastline on the Atlantic Ocean in the west.The country is situated around the Gambia River, the nation's namesake, which flows through the country's centre and empties into the Atlantic Ocean. Its area is almost 10,500 km² with an estimated population of 1,700,000.On 18 February 1965, Gambia gained independence from the United Kingdom and joined The Commonwealth. Banjul is Gambia's capital, but the largest conurbations are Serekunda and Brikama.Gambia shares historical roots with many other West African nations in the slave trade, which was the key factor in the placing and keeping of a colony on the Gambia River, first by the Portuguese and later by the British. Since gaining independence in 1965, Gambia has enjoyed relative political stability, with the exception of a brief period of military rule in 1994. Gambia is rich in fertile land and a good agriculture. Her economy is dominated by farming, fishing, and tourism. About a third of the population lives below the international poverty line of US$1.25 a day.The number of individual languages listed for Gambia is 11. Of those, 10 are living languages and 1 is a second language without mother-tongue speakers. The constitution of the Gambia guarantees the freedom of expression. http://www.iec.gm/files/images/constitution_of_the_republic_of_The_Gambia.pdf in Chapter 4 article 25. The freedom of the media, of the press and of speech are directly mentioned.