Freedom of Expression was guaranteed in the 1969 Constitution: Article 13 Expression http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/cafrad/unpan004643.pdf Freedom of Opinion is guaranteed within the limits of public interest and the principles of the Revolution. Libya is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast and to the south Chad and Niger. Tunisia and Algeria are to the west of Libya. Tripoli is the capital of Libya. The country was led by Muammar Gadafi for 42 years. Libya has a population of 6.4 million people. The large oil reserves of Libya are said to contain the best oil in the world. After the ouster and death of Muammar Gadafi Libya has been led by the National Transitional Council. It is expected that a representative legislature will follow the revolution and civil war that took place in the country from February to October 2011 following the start of the Arab Spring in Tunisia. In ancient times merchants of Tyre known as Phoenicians traded with the Amazigh (Berber) people of Libya. This happened in the 5the century BC. The region was prosperous and later was conquered by the Romans under Augustus. According to Wikipedia, Libya did not participate much in the The Arab Renaissance (Al-Nahda) of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Libya developed her own literary tradition and as in many regions of Africa and other civilizations, was based on oral literature. Benghazi was an important literary centre as it was a capital in the early years. The universities there influenced these events. Derna was also famous for literary activities. Eastern Libya, close to Alexandria of Egypt of the olden times continues being the place of inspiration in Libya. Much of Libya’s literary work is themed on the Italian occupation and the struggle for independence. Wealth distribution is a topic of interest in a country with a high Gross Domestic Product and save for the poor human rights record would have been unhindered on its rise to human development. Muammar Gaddafi took power in 1969 through a coup. Then literature of praise started. Not much of Libya’s literature is translated from Arabic and other languages. Ibrahim Al –Kouni is the best known author outside of Libya.