South Africa

 

South Africa is the richest country in Africa and the world’s 3rd. South Africa is multi-ethnic and has diverse cultures and languages. Eleven official languages are recognised in the constitution. English is commonly used in public and commercial life, it is only the fifth most-spoken home language. All ethnic and language groups have political representation in the country's constitutional democracy comprising a parliamentary republic; unlike most parliamentary republics, the positions of head of state and head of government are merged in a parliament-dependent President.The history of South Africa is marked deeply by the prolonged struggle for freedom from Apartheid (legalized race division in all sectors of life) which was finally won with the support of many countries. Nelson Mandela became the world’s most famous ex prisoner and president. He and De Klerk shared the Nobel Peace Prize in 1994 in recognition of their work towards the end of one of the worst types of governance ever to occur in world history. Music and poetry played a big role in the liberation of South Africa. Hugh Masekela and Miriam Makeba and many others went into exile and sang against injustice with many. Writer Alan Paton’s Cry, the Beloved Country was the book that left many a young African emotionally disturbed by the situation in South Africa. Writers such as Dennis Brutus, Alex Laguma, Peter Abrahams, Steve Biko opened vast panoramas in their works against apartheid. About 79.5% can be divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different Bantu languages, nine of which have official status.South Africa is ranked as an upper-middle income economy by the World Bank, one of only four countries in Africa in this category (the others being Botswana, Gabon and Mauritius) About a quarter of the population in abject poverty. South African literature is rich and varied. http://www.info.gov.za/documents/constitution/1996/a108-96.pdf

5 newly added works in South Africa